Preparing your Manuscript

Authors can submit papers and articles in an acceptable file format: MS­ Word (doc, docx), Adobe PDF (.pdf), rich text format (.rtf), simple text document (.txt), Open Document Text (.odt). Our professional layout editors will format the entire paper according to our official guidelines. 

The recommended size of an original research paper is under 15,000 words and review papers under 7,000 words. Research articles should be less than 10,000 words. Research papers are usually longer than review papers. Review papers are reports of significant research (typically less than 7,000 words, including tables, figures, and references)

A research paper must include:

    • (a) A title which should be relevant to the theme of the paper.
    • (b) A summary, known as an abstract (less than 150 words), containing the major results and conclusions.
    • Up to 10 keywords that precisely identify the paper’s subject, purpose, and focus.
    • (d) An introduction, giving fundamental background objectives.
    • (e) Resources and techniques with sufficient complete experimental details (wherever possible by reference) to permit repetition, sources of information must be given, and numerical methods must be specified by reference.
    • (f) Results which should be presented concisely by well-designed tables and figures.
    • (g) Suitable statistical data should also be given.
    • (h) All data must have been gathered with attention to numerical detail in the planning stage.

Design has been recognized to be essential to experiments for a considerable time, and the editor has decided that any paper that appears not to have adequate numerical treatments of the data will be returned unrefereed.

    • (i) Discussion should cover implications and consequences and not just recapitulate the results; conclusions should also be summarized.
    • (j) There should be brief acknowledgments.
    • (k) There ought to be references in the conventional format. JER recommends APA format.

Authors should carefully consider the preparation of papers to ensure that they communicate effectively. Papers are much more likely to be accepted if they are carefully designed and laid out, contain few or no errors, are summarizing, and follow instructions. They will also be published with much fewer delays than those that require much technical and editorial correction.

The Editorial Board reserves the right to make literary corrections and suggestions to improve brevity.